The Golden Retriever breed is a relatively new breed, the first true breed of the dog dating back to as recent as the beginning of the 1900's.
The breed originated from a series of matings carried out by Lord Tweedmouth in Scotland from 1864 onwards. Lord Tweedmouth mated a good looking yellow coloured Flat Coated Retriever to a Tweed Water Spaniel, and subsequently the offspring were bred with an occasional outcross to an Irish Setter, a second Tweed Water Spaniel and a black Flat Coated Retriever. The dog finally bred true and was entered into shows around 1908.
Check out the History of the Golden Retreiver at the Golden Retriever Breed Council Web Site
More About the BreedMales range 23-24 inches (58-61 cm) in height at withers, females range 21 ½ -22 ½ inches (55-57 cm). Males usually have a healthy weight of 65-75 lb. (29-34 kg); and the females just a little bit smaller at 60-70 lb. (27-32 kg).
The Golden Retreivers were used mainly to retrieve waterfowl from the marshes and swamps for their gentleman hunter. Because of this they have an instinctive love of water and a very soft mouth, so that they would not damage the waterfowl. Their love of retrieving means they enjoy playing fetch with any family member.
The Golden Retriever is a relatively large, strongly built breed with a dense, water-repellant straight to wavy coat. Their coats come in all shades of Gold from light cream to dark reddy bronze. Their coat is not too course and not too silky. Their coat is beautiful but does require regular brushing. However on the positive side, regular trips to the groomers are NOT necessary, as their shiny coats reflect dirt.
The temperament of the Golden Retriever is a hallmark of the breed, and is described in the standard as "kindly, friendly and confident". They are also very smart dogs and do well in obedience.
The Golden's nature can also be active and playful. The Golden is slow to mature and can be puppyish till three years of age, which can be both delightful and annoying. You may have to crate them when young to keep your house AND the dog safe. They also do require regular exercise (once their bones have finished growing).
They are very loyal and friendly to everyone. They are not a "one-man dog" and are generally friendly with the people they know and also strangers.
The Golden Retriever can be a great family dog and a wonderful companion!